Abstract:The goal of this research is to investigate the effects of dehydrating agents and preparation conditions on the physical characteristics of activated carbon produced from coconut shell as precursor material. The chemical activation process was accomplished by impregnating the raw materials with different dehydrating agents (KOH, ZnCl2), prior to heat treatment. Characterization of activated carbon was done using scanning electron microscope. Activation temperature of 450 oC and holding time of 3 hours, proved to be the optimum conditions for preparing activated carbon. Coconut shell treated with KOH displayed activated carbon of larger pore size (1.8nm ) than those treated with ZnCl2 ( 0.14nm).
Keywords:Activated carbon; Holding time, Chemical activation; Activation temperature, Pore size. Title:Effect of Preparation Conditions on the Characteristics of Activated Carbon Produced in Laboratory Author:J.O Otulana, O.O Oluwole ISSN 2394-7349 International Journal of Novel Research in Engineering and Science Novelty Journals\