Abstract: A survey was conducted in major Horticultural crops of South Gondar zone of Amhara Regional State during 2019 cropping season with an aim of identifying problematic diseases and providing baseline information on diseases of major horticultural crops in the study area. Random sampling was applied to select farm field in each district i.e. every selected crop field at interval of 5-10 km based on vehicle odometers following the main roads and accessible routes were assessed. A total of 118 farmers field were enclosed by this survey. It was founded that about 12 diseases of major horticultural crops of the study area were recorded. The result of this survey showed, major diseases of major horticultural crops of South Gondar zone in order of their importance were: 1) Late blight of potato, 2) Wilt complex diseases of hot pepper, 3) Downy mildew of onion, 4) Purple blotch of Garlic, 5) Cercospora leaf spot of pepper; respectively each with a magnitude of percentage disease severity of 68.16, 26.1, 18.33, 17.33 and 14.9 %. Thus, information’s gave some clue on the development or adopting integrated disease management options for those prioritized major diseases of the area.
Keywords: Diseases, potato, pepper, late blight, wilt.
Title: Survey on major diseases of Horticultural crops in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia
Author: Adina G., Desalegn Y., Muluadam B
International Journal of Novel Research in Engineering and Science