Vol 8 Issue 1 January 2021-April 2021
Eman A. Soliman El-Hosary
Abstract: Background: Coronavirus-2 infection is a global health emergency problem. The association between covid-19 and pregnancy outcomes still unclear.
Objectives: To assess the pregnancy outcomes, and vertical transmission potential among pregnant women with coronavirus-2 infection.
Study Design: Descriptive review for (200) pregnant women from (2) hospitals in Egypt between May 25, 2020 and November 28, 2020. Evidence of vertical transmission was assessed by presence of the corona virus-2 infection in the amniotic fluid and cord blood, and neonatal pharyngeal swab samples.
Results: 95% of Covid pregnant women had gestational age of less than 40 weeks at delivery, while 92.5% had gestational age more than 37 weeks among none Covid women. In 66% of cases, women reported a history of relevant environmental exposure, and 34% had contact with infected persons. There were 46.7% had gestational diabetes, 15.8% had preeclampsia, and 29.2% had abortion among Covid pregnant women. While, 43.7% had gestational diabetes, 38.7 % had abortion, and 3.8% had preeclampsia among none Covid pregnant women. There were no cases of maternal deaths among two groups. There were 95% of the cases of the two groups had normal APGAR score and 2.5% of the cases of the two groups transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. All cases had negative neonatal pharyngeal swap for Corona virus (2).
Conclusions: Corona virus (2) infection was associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, premature rupture of membrane, and spontaneous preterm birth. There was no evidence of vertical transmission of covid-19 to the fetus during pregnancy.
Keywords: Covid-19, pandemic, corona virus 2, pregnancy outcomes, pneumonia, neonatal outcomes, spontaneous preterm labor, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, vertical transmission, pharyngeal swap.
Title: Effect of Corona Virus (2) Infection on Pregnancy Outcomes
Author: Eman A. Soliman El-Hosary
International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing