Vol 7 Issue 1 January 2020-February 2020
YVONNE AWUOR ABILA, JOHNBOSCO KISIMBII
Abstract: Women participation in development issues has formed the global agenda ever since the first women conference held in 1975. Myriad reports however indicate low participation of women in various development projects. This has resulted into vulnerability of female gender. Thus many women are poor, cannot access adequate health, basic education, suffer from gender disparity and discrimination. Many researchers have identified a raft of factors that precipitate this kind of scenario including patriarchy, gendered ideology, gender suppression, political attitude, socio- cultural factors, economic, and infrastructure. However, not much has been done on irrigation scheme. Therefore, this research focused on determinants influencing women participation in development projects in the scheme. The purpose of the study was to investigate determinants that influence women participation in community based development projects in Kimira-Oluch Smallholder Farm Improvement Project Homa-Bay County, Kenya. The objectives of this study were: to identify how access to finance influence women participation: to find out the extent to which the level of education and training influence women participation; to assess how the culture and traditions influence women participation; and to establish how politics influence women participation Kimira-Oluch Smallholder Farm Improvement Project. The study would be beneficial in that it was bent to unfold the determinant influencing women participation in community based projects and that the findings therein would contribute to the existing pool of knowledge about gender, further, the findings of this study would provide important information and knowledge that would influences policy and reforms for enhancing gender mainstreaming in various community projects an d finally, that Lessons drawn from this study was vital to the communities, implementing partners, Donor and international NGOs to address the need for gender and development. Besides, the county government can find this information essential in order to rekindle its efforts towards empowering women economically so that they have a hand in the production factors. This study targets 1300 farmers who own farms and plots within Oluch-Kimira irrigation scheme project area, which is about 300ha. The project area covers parts of Rachuonyo North Sub-County and Rangwe Sub-County in Homa-Bay County. The research would employ descriptive survey. A sample of 297 of farmers drawn from the project coverage that stretches in three sub-counties of Homa-bay County would form the respondents for thisstudy. This would be through simple random sampling. A questionnaire was the research instrument to be used for data collection. The study collected primary and secondary data which was analysed by use of descriptive statistics, frequencies, cross tabulation and Chi-square. The study concludes that access to finances, level of education and training, culture and traditions, politics influence women participation in community based development projects. The national government is the major contributor of community development projects followed donors, non- government and community members respectively who meet the implementation costs. There is need for adequate finances for implementing of community development projects according to the designs and plans. The study recommends that the women should be empowered through education and training so that they fully participated in community development projects.
Keywords: Determinants of Women Participation in Community Development Projects.
DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: A CASE OF KIMIRA–OLUCH SMALL HOLDERS FARM IMPROVEMENT PROJECT, HOMA-BAY COUNTY, KENYA
YVONNE AWUOR ABILA, JOHNBOSCO KISIMBII
International Journal of Novel Research in Humanity and Social Sciences