Abstract: Grafting and budding are horticultural techniques applied in horticultural crop production to tackle biotic and abiotic stresses. As per the review, fruit vegetables mainly grafted by tongue, cleft and splice method of grafting and their success is varied among the crops being grafted. Investigations conducted on tomato, cucumber, watermelon and eggplant revealed that grafting had a pronounced positive effect on yield, quality, on tackling soil borne diseases, stress due to water and salinity, heavy chemical and drins. In spite of the role of grafting in fruit vegetables there are challenges related to the incomplete resistance of grafted seedlings, presence of high number of scion/rootstock combinations, the need for skilled workers, cost of grafted seedlings and limited research works obstruct the diffusion of this technology. Though application of grafting has aforementioned problems, breeding programs for production of multipurpose rootstocks, developing efficient grafting machines and improved grafting techniques will undoubtedly encourage use of grafted seedlings all over the world. In addition introduction of new rootstocks with desirable traits compatible with locally selected scions can boost the status of grafting technology. Therefore, application of grafting in fruit vegetables has bright prospects in the world. As a result of its benefits and value, demand for high-quality grafted seedlings by growers and is expected to rapidly increase in Ethiopia due to the expansion of private farms those intended to sell the produces to local and export market.
Keywords: Budding, Fruit vegetable, Grafting, Stress, Quality, Yield.
Title: Role of Grafting and Budding on Yield and Quality of Selected Horticultural Crops: Review
Author: Damtew Abewoy
International Journal of Novel Research in Interdisciplinary Studies
Abstract:Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) is the most important cereal crop in semi-arid regions of the world, where it serves as the primary food source for the majority of the people. Striga hermonthica, a hemi-parasitic flowering weed, is the major biotic constraint for sorghum production in Sub-Saharan Africa. When a crop is highly infested with witch weeds, yield losses can reach 100% in countries such as Ethiopia and Sudan (Striga spp.). Overcoming striga-caused sorghum grain yield losses through resistance breeding has been impeded by a lack of appropriate screening techniques. Striga resistant cultivars provide the most feasible control strategy. Agar gel assay, low germination stimulant marker, and root system architecture were used in some study to screen or evaluate striga resistant sorghum germplasms.
Keywords: Resistance, Root system architecture, Striga, Strigolactone.